Consciousness is best expressed through the Bible verse, "Then the Lord God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils, and man became a living being." (Gen 2:7 NASB). This belief asserts that consciousness is the direct result of God's decision to make man in His own image (Gen 1:26). Therefore, man has consciousness because God has consciousness.
It also asserts that consciousness can not be explained through examination of biological constructs, such as the brain and its functions, because these constructs are merely temporary tools for the purpose of interacting in a physical environment. Furthermore it is believed that once these biological constructs have ceased to function (i.e., death), consciousness continues.
Because consciousness is the result of action by a third party (God), we are limited in our ability to understand it. There are a number of reasons for this. First, until we are released from the constraints of our biological constructs, we do not have access to all of the information required for a comprehensive examination. This is the sentiment expressed by Paul, when he said, "For now we see through a glass dimly, but then face to face; now I know in part, but then I will know fully just as I also have been fully known." (1 Cor 13:12 NASB). Second, we are separated from the origin of our consciousness due to the fall in the garden of Eden (Gen 3). As a result, our own consciousness is corrupt and can not be rightly examined. Third, we have a finite consciousness that is only truly aware of itself, and even that awareness is incomplete. The source consciousness, from which we are derived, is infinite, being aware not only of itself, but of each and every thought and impulse of every other consciousness. Until our finite consciousness is reconciled to the infinite consciousness, which is God, we have no hope of fully understanding ourselves, much less others.